The Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology
Vol. 69 No: 6
Effect of Pistil Age and Pollen Parent on Pollen Tube Growth and Fruit Production of Pistachio
YAHYA DEHGHANI SHURAKI and MARGARET SEDGLEY
Female pistachio (Pistacia vera) trees were hand pollinated with pollen from three different male genotypes 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 d after anthesis. Results were measured by mature fruit set and by fluorescence microscopy of pollen germination and tube growth in the pistil. Maximum pollen tube growth and fruit set of split nuts was achieved following pollination within two days of anthesis. Three day old pistils supported pollen tube growth, but fruit set was low. Four day old pistils supported little pollen tube growth or fruit set. Significant differences were also apparent between pollen parents, with low pollen tube growth and fruit set following interspecific pollination with P. atlantica pollen. All pollen tubes were observed to penetrate chalazogamously, and parthenocarpic production of blank fruits occurred in both unpollinated and pollinated treatments. The results indicate that for optimum fruit production of pistachio, pollen transfer must be achieved within 2 d of anthesis and pollination by P. atlantica should be avoided.
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