The Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology
Vol. 75 No: 2
Cryopreservation of in vitro almond shoot tips by vitrification
CHOCKPISIT CHANNUNTAPIPAT, GRAHAM COLLINS, TERRY BERTOZZI and MARGARET SEDGLEY
Shoot tips of two almond scion cultivars, 'Ne Plus Ultra' and 'Nonpareil 15-1', and one almond/peach hybrid rootstock were successfully cryopreserved using a one-step vitrification technique. Three week old in vitro cultures were cold- hardened at 4°C on the multiplication medium (Murashige and Skoog for 'Ne Plus Ultra' and the hybrid rootstock; Almehdi and Parfitt for 'Nonpareil 15-1') for three weeks. Shoot tips, 2-2.5 mm long, were excised and precultured for 1 d at 4°C on the same basal medium, without plant growth regulators, supplemented with 0.7 M sucrose. After the preculture, the shoot tips were incubated in vitrification solution at 25°C for 45 min for the almond scion cultivars and 60 min for the hybrid rootstock, and then stored under liquid nitrogen (LN) for at least 3 d. After rapid thawing at 30°C, the shoot tips were washed with the appropriate liquid basal medium containing 1.0 M sucrose and then cultured on the same basal medium, solidified with agar, but excluding NH4NO3 or (NH4)2SO4. Shoot regeneration was usually observed within 2-3 weeks. Survival after LN, recorded as the percentage of shoot tips that produced at least one new shoot four weeks after thawing, was 87.5, 60.0 and 72.5% for 'Ne Plus Ultra', 'Nonpareil 15-1' and the hybrid rootstock respectively. The one-step vitrification method is a promising simple technique for cryopreserving almond scion and rootstock shoot tips from in vitro cultures.
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