Search

All Volumes

Previous article
Next article

Previous No
Next No

HOME CURRENT ISSUE INSTRUCTIONS LINKS SUBSCRIBE
 
The Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology

Vol. 80 No: 5

Title:
Effect of temperature integration on the growth and volatile oil content of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)

Authors:
XIANMIN CHANG, PETER G. ALDERSON and CHARLES J. WRIGHT

pp: 593-598

Abstract:
Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is a warm climate plant.The optimum temperature for growth is 25°C and, at this temperature, the volatile oil content of leaves is enhanced. Plants grown at 25°C for 2 weeks were taller and had a higher dry matter content and larger leaves than plants grown at other temperatures.The total volatile oil contents in fresh leaves from plants grown at 25°C or 30°C for 2 weeks were three times the levels found in leaves of plants grown at 15°C. Temperature also affected the composition of the volatile oils. Warm conditions (25°C) resulted in the accumulation of eugenol and cis-ocimene, whereas cooler temperature (15°C) resulted in more camphor and trans-β- farnesene. There was no effect of temperature on the relative contents of 1,8-cineole and linalool. Treatments with alternating temperatures, that supplied the same accumulated Žday-degrees` but with a different sequence of temperatures, did not affect most plant growth parameters. In contrast, volatile oil content and composition were strongly affected by the temperature regime during the final 2 weeks of growth. For example, the higher the temperature before harvesting, the higher the volatile oil content and the greater the relative content of eugenol.

Full text: JHSB Subscribers     ISHS members & other users
(PDF 182400 bytes)

Translate:


Go back to previous page