The Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology
Vol. 81 No: 6
Acibenzolar-S-methyl and methyl jasmonate treatments of glasshouse-grown freesias suppress post-harvest petal specking caused by Botrytis cinerea
A.I. DARRAS, D.C. JOYCE and L.A. TERRY
Compounds that activate host plant defence responses potentially offer socio-environmentally sound alternative methods for disease control. In a series of glasshouse trials over 2 years, pre-harvest sprays with acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) were tested for suppression of post-harvest infection of cut .Freesia hybrida L. flowers by Botrytis cinerea. For the ASM treatments, variability in reducing the incidence of B. cinerea disease was observed between years, freesia varieties, incubation temperatures and ASM concentrations. In the first year, the greatest reductions in lesion numbers on ASM-treated var. ´Cote d`Azur` were recorded using 2.86 mM ASM. For three different post-harvest temperature regimes, the relative reductions in lesion numbers, compared to untreated controls, were 45% at 5°C, 40% at 12°C and 30% at 20°C, respectively. In the second year, lesion numbers were most reduced using 1.43 mM ASM to treat freesia var.´Dukaat` flowers. Here, the relative reductions were to 44% at 5°C, 26% at 12°C and 51% at 20°C. MeJA treatments were, in general, more consistently effective than ASM treatments in reducing lesion numbers and lesion diameters on cut freesia flowers. MeJA-treated (0.2 mM) freesia flowers (var. ´Dukaat`) incubated at 20°C showed relative reductions of 62%, and 45% for lesion number and lesion diameter, respectively. The differing efficacy between ASM and MeJA treatments could be attributed to their differential abilities to induce the salicylic acid (SA)-mediated vs. the jasmonic acid (JA)-mediated host defence pathways, respectively.
ISHS members & other users
(PDF 1765450 bytes)
Go back to previous page