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The Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology

Vol. 83 No: 5

Title:
Flowering of cyclamen is accelerated by an increase in temperature, photoperiod, and daily light integral

Authors:
WOOK OH, YONG HA RHIE, JI HUM PARK, ERIK S. RUNKLE and KI SUN KIM

pp: 559-562

Abstract:
Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum Mill.) crop production times can be reduced by increasing the greenhouse temperature, but alternative methods to accelerate crop development are desirable when energy costs for heating are high.The effects of photoperiod and increasing daily light integral (DLI) on cyclamen remain unclear.We performed experiments to examine the effect of DLI using two temperatures (16°C or 20°C) and three photoperiods (8, 12, or 16 h) delivering DLI values of 4.9, 7.3, or 9.8 mol m-2 d-1, respectively, and the effect of night interruption (NI) lighting from incandescent lamps (IL), on the flowering of cyclamen ‘Metis Purple Flame’. Plants grown at 20°C reached the visible flower bud (VB) stage earlier than plants grown at 16°C under all photoperiods. NI hastened flower bud initiation by 22 – 29 d compared with an 8-h photoperiod at both temperatures. Plants grown under the 8-h photoperiod with an NI treatment (DLI = 4.9 mol m-2 d-1) flowered at a similar time as plants grown under the 12-h photoperiod (DLI = 7.3 mol m-2 d-1). In addition, plants grown at 16°C with an NI reached the VB stage in a similar time to plants grown at 20°C with an 8-h photoperiod. Therefore, the effects of increasing the DLI, providing NI lighting, or increasing the temperature can be compared, so that growers can determine which strategies can reduce the greenhouse production time of cyclamen most cost-effectively.

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