The Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology
Vol. 84 No: 6
Effects of 1-methylcyclopropene on apricot fruit quality, decay, and on physiological and biochemical metabolism during shelf-life following long-term cold storage
J.K. CAO, Y.M. ZHAO, M. WANG, H.Y. LÜ and W.B. JIANG
Mature green apricot (Prunus armeniaca L. ‘Shanhuangxing’) fruit were exposed to 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) at 0, 0.5, 1.0, or 5.0 μl l-1 for 12 h, or treated with 1.0 μl l-1 1-MCP for 0, 6, 12, or 24 h, stored at 0°C and 85 – 95% RH for 4 weeks, then transferred to a shelf-life simulation at 23°C and 80 – 90% RH. The shelf-life of apricots was effectively extended for > 2 d by pre-storage 1-MCP treatment at 1.0 or 5.0 μl l-1 for 6 h and/or 12 h.
The decline in firmness, colour change, and the incidence of fruit decay were substantially inhibited by 1-MCP at 1.0 or 5.0 μl l-1 for 6 h and/or 12 h during cold storage and subsequent shelf-life.
Increases in soluble pectin contents and decreases in ascorbic acid contents were delayed, but the levels of total phenolic compounds and flavonoids increased in 1-MCPtreated fruit during shelf-life. 1-MCP treatment enhanced the peroxidase activity of apricot fruit for 3 d during shelflife, but inhibited ethylene production in harvested apricot fruit.
These results support an effective application of 1- MCP to maintain apricot fruit quality and to extend the time for marketing.
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