The Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology
Vol. 86 No: 6
Influence of 1-methylcyclopropene on pectic enzyme activities, gene expression, and cell wall modification in papaya (Carica papaya cv. 'Sunrise') fruit
W. KRONGYUT, E.B. ESGUERRA, J.S. MANINANG, S. SUGAYA, H. GEMMA, V. SRILAONG and S. KANLAYANARAT
‘Sunrise’ papaya fruit harvested at two stages of maturity [colour break (< 10% yellow peel colour) and 25% yellow peel colour] were treated with 100 nl l-1 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) to determine its effects on ripening, on the activities and levels of gene expression of polygalacturonase (PG), pectin methyl esterase (PME), and β-galactosidase (β-Gal), and on the degradation of cell wall components. 1-MCP delayed ripening and the onset of the climacteric, although the peak in the respiration rate was almost the same as that in untreated control fruit.
Colour-break fruit treated with 1-MCP exhibited a continuous increase in ethylene production, but at a lower rate than in control fruit.
Consequently, 1-MCP-treated fruit ripened with a concomitant reduction in firmness, which was accompanied by an increase in PG and β:-Gal enzyme activities and gene expression.
On the other hand, fruit treated with 1-MCP at the 25% yellow stage exhibited lower levels of ethylene production and developed pulp with a rubbery texture at the ripe stage which was attributed to reduced PG, β-Gal, and PME enzyme activities and gene expression.This was consistent with the higher level of cell wall polysaccharides measured in 1-MCP-treated fruit.
The above results indicated that ‘Sunrise’ papaya fruit can be treated with 1-MCP at the colour break stage since they have a greater capacity to recover from the effects of 1-MCP than fruit treated at the 25% yellow stage.
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