The Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology
Vol. 87 No: 1
Infection by Alternaria alternata causes discolouration of Backhousia myrtifolia foliage and flowers
S. SOMMANO, D.C. JOYCE, S.Q. DINH and B. D'ARCY
The pathogenicity of three isolates of Alternaria alternata from Backhousia myrtifolia leaves was characterised and compared.
Isolate BRIP 52222 was virulent compared to isolates BRIP 52223 and BRIP 52221. A comparison of inoculation methods showed that abrasion was more effective at establishing an infection than puncture wounding.
Koch’s postulates were assessed to confirm the pathogenicity of A. alternata on B. myrtifolia foliage and floral tissues using a conidial suspension of the most virulent isolate.
Sporulation was triggered by incubating A. alternata (BRIP 52222) at 28°C for 10 d under alternating 12 h black-light/12 h dark conditions on half-strength potato dextrose agar (PDA). In contrast, incubation of A. alternata under continuous black-light on either half- or full-strength PDA did not yield conidia.
Host symptoms caused by inoculation with the pathogen included a brown-black discolouration of both foliage and floral tissues.
Microscopic examination of cellular structures suggested that perturbation of oil glands may contribute to the tissue discolouration in B. myrtifolia caused by A. alternata infection.
Oil gland structures can be disrupted during an active A. alternata infection, causing the leakage of essential oil followed by discolouration.
ISHS members & other users
(PDF 1494176 bytes)
Go back to previous page